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The hip is a ball-and-socket joint where the head of the femur articulates with the
cuplike acetabulum of the pelvic bone. The acetabulum fits tightly around the head
of the femur. The ball is normally held in the socket by very powerful ligaments that
form a complete sleeve around the joint (the joint capsule ). The capsule has a
delicate lining (the synovium ).
The head of the femur is covered with a layer of smooth cartilage which is a fairly
soft, white substance. The socket is also lined with cartilage. This cartilage cushions
the joint, and allows the bones to move on each other with very little friction.

An x-ray of the hip joint usually shows a "space" between the ball and the socket
because the cartilage does not show up on x-rays. In the normal hip this "joint space"
is approximately 1/4 inch wide and fairly even in outline.


Click on the topics below

Hip anatomy :: Arthritis of the Hip Joint :: Total Hip Replacement (THR)
Hip Resurfacing :: Revision Hip Replacement :: MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement

Normal anatomy of the Hip joint

Find out more in this web based movie.

Hip anatomy


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Arthritis of the Hip joint
The term arthritis literally means inflammation of a joint, but is generally used to describe any
condition in which there is damage to the cartilage.

Click here to go to the section on arthritis.

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Total Hip Replacement (THR)

Total Hip Replacement (THR) procedure replaces all or part of the hip joint with an artificial device (prosthesis) to restore joint movement. Find out more about the Total Hip Replacement from the following options.

Find out more about Total Hip Replacement from the following links.

Interactive Movie Text version Printable version Orthopaedic Surgeons & Practice websites with Hipsknees movies




Hip Resurfacing


Hip Resurfacing or bone conserving procedure replaces the acetabulum (hip socket) and resurfaces
the femoral head. This means the femoral head has some or very little bone removed and replaced
with the metal component. This spares the femoral canal. Find out more about Hip Resurfacing from
the following options.

Find out more about Hip Resurfacing from the following links.

Interactive Movie
Text version Printable version Orthopaedic Surgeons & Practice websites with Hipsknees movies




Revision Hip Replacement.

This means that part or all of your previous hip replacement needs to be revised. This operation varies from very minor adjustments to massive operations replacing significant amounts of bone and hence is difficult to describe in full.

Find out more about Revision Hip Replacement from the following links.

Interactive Movie
Text version Printable version Orthopaedic Surgeons & Practice websites with Hipsknees movies


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MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement

Total Hip Replacement is powered by the RIO®Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System. It is indicated for adults who suffer from non-inflammatory or inflammatory degenerative joint disease. The RIO® robotic arm advanced technologyallows surgeons to achieve a new level of accuracy.

Text version



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